What Are the Reasons Behind the Failure of Some Cryptocurrencies?

Cryptocurrencies have exploded in popularity over the last decade, with thousands of new digital coins emerging. However, not all cryptos succeed – many fail and fade away into obscurity. In this post, I’ll explore the key reasons why some cryptocurrencies fail to gain traction and eventually die off. If you are interested in bitcoin trading click this link to enlighten you on crypto trading techniques.

failure of some Cryptocurrencies

Reasons Behind the Failure of Many Cryptocurrencies 

Lack of real-world utility

One of the biggest reasons cryptos fail is a lack of real-world utility. Successful coins like Bitcoin and Ethereum solve real problems and have usable applications. In contrast, many altcoins don’t have a clear purpose or use case beyond speculative trading. Without utility, long-term demand fizzles out.

Some examples of coins without clear utility:

  • Dogecoin – Originally just a joke meme coin with no intent beyond being funny.
  • Mooncoin – An early altcoin with no unique capabilities.
  • PutinCoin – A short-lived gimmick based on the Russian president.

Coins with limited real-world value fail to attract steady, sustained interest over time. The novelty wears off quickly.

Weak or flawed technology

The underlying blockchain code and cryptography behind a crypto is crucial. If the tech is flawed, glitchy, or hackable, the coin will struggle to succeed long-term.

Some cryptos fail due to:

  • Bugs in the code.
  • Scalability issues limiting transaction capacity.
  • Weak security making the blockchain vulnerable.
  • Copying code from existing coins without innovation.

Developers need to build audited, well-tested blockchain code to maintain trust and usage. Even popular cryptos like Solana and Avalanche have faced tech issues causing outages and downtime. Glitches erode confidence.

Inexperienced or anonymous teams

Anonymity Features

Successful cryptos tend to have experienced founders and developers with proven track records. Anonymity is a red flag – reputable leaders put their names and faces behind projects.

Unknown, anonymous teams breed distrust. Investors worry about:

  • Lack of accountability if problems arise.
  • Commitment to growing and supporting the project long-term.
  • Skills needed to overcome technical challenges.

A strong, transparent core team inspires community confidence in a coin’s staying power and viability.

Insufficient marketing

Today’s crypto space is crowded and competitive. Strong marketing is critical for gaining visibility and adoption for a new coin. Many failed cryptos did not do enough to promote themselves and cultivate a community.

Effective marketing strategies include:

  • Paid advertising and influencer promotions.
  • Issuing press releases and seeking media coverage.
  • Building social media and community engagement.
  • Attending conferences and networking events.
  • Developing educational materials and content.

Without people aware of and talking about a coin, it won’t gain momentum. The most successful cryptos have invested in marketing from the start.


Government policies are still playing catch-up in regulating the world of cryptocurrencies. Coins operating illegally can face consequences like:

  • Trading bans restricting investors.
  • Removal from exchanges under regulatory pressure.
  • Investigations, fines or shutdowns.

Controversies around a cryptocurrency’s legal status or its founders’ actions can damage its reputation. For example, the major crypto exchange BitMEX was indicted by U.S. regulators in 2020, causing a crisis of confidence.

Staying on the right side of the law is key to crypto success and longevity.

Competition from bigger players

The crypto ecosystem is constantly evolving with new innovations and competitors emerging. Smaller coins struggle to keep up with bigger players that dominate markets, outspend on development, and have deeper community support.

For example, Dogecoin saw its hype and adoption eaten into by Shiba Inu Coin. Bigger cryptos tend to swallow up interest and users. It’s an ongoing battle for smaller coins to remain relevant and capture market share. They often fail to gain critical mass beyond a tiny fraction of the crypto universe.

Security breaches and theft


Unlike traditional banks, cryptocurrency exchanges and wallets can lack regulatory oversight and adequate security measures. Hackers have targeted everything from small altcoin exchanges to major players like Mt. Gox and Bitfinex.

Even individual crypto holders face threats like:

  • Malware stealing wallet keys.
  • Fraudulent schemes and phishing attacks.
  • Losing access to keys through lost passwords or hardware failures.

High-profile security incidents undermine trust. Investors exit coins if promised protections prove inadequate. Successful cryptos need robust measures against crime and exploitation.

Liquidity and availability challenges

To function properly, buyers and sellers must be able to easily trade a cryptocurrency. Coins with low liquidity on exchanges struggle to attract users beyond early enthusiasts.

Limiting factors include:

  • Listing on only obscure or unreliable exchanges.
  • Geographic trading restrictions shutting out global users.
  • Low overall circulating supply and insufficient minting.
  • Volatility scaring away mainstream investors.

Without liquidity, crypto prices and volumes flounder. Viability requires active trading on reputable exchanges and platforms with proper market depth.

These factors show why cryptocurrencies fail – but they also highlight what sets successful coins apart. The winning cryptos solve real problems, have audited and robust code, put capable teams behind them, promote themselves effectively, comply with regulations, provide security for users, and ensure active liquid trading.

By learning from past failures, current crypto developers and communities can focus on building a new generation of cryptos that will achieve real staying power rather than fading away into the graveyard of altcoins.

The future remains bright for cryptocurrencies with strong foundations and real-world utility. The wise investor spots these viable projects early and avoids overhyped coins without substance. Although the path ahead will no doubt see more failures, it will also see new innovations pushing crypto firmly into the mainstream.


Cryptocurrencies are still a young technology with huge potential – but also many hurdles to cross. Failed coins teach tough lessons about the importance of real-world use cases, secure and functional technology, capable teams, effective marketing, regulatory compliance, security protections, and exchange availability and liquidity.

By learning from past mistakes, the crypto ecosystem can develop best practices that minimize failures and bolster the staying power of emerging digital currencies and platforms. The years ahead will determine which coins have what it takes to become staple parts of the global financial system rather than footnotes in crypto history.


What are the main reasons cryptocurrencies fail?

The main reasons are lack of real-world use cases, technical flaws, inexperienced teams, insufficient marketing, legal issues, competition, security breaches, and liquidity challenges getting listed on exchanges. Successful cryptos avoid these pitfalls.

How can new cryptocurrencies avoid failing?

They should ensure they solve real problems, have audited code, put qualified teams behind the project, promote the coin extensively, comply with regulations, implement security protections, and get listed on reputable exchanges to facilitate liquid trading.

Do most new cryptocurrencies fail quickly?

Yes, most fail within a few years if not faster. A 2021 study found that over 80% of crypto projects launched from 2017-2018 had already failed in some way by mid-2021. It’s difficult to gain traction in a crowded market.

Can failed cryptocurrencies recover?

It’s rare but possible. Dogecoin is an example of a joke meme coin that saw new life years later due to community support and hype spreading online. However, most failed coins fade away into obscurity.

Why is it important for cryptocurrencies to comply with regulations?

Operating outside the law through unregistered securities offerings, money transmission violations, illegal activities and other issues can lead to criminal charges, fines, trading bans and platform shutdowns. Legal compliance is key for mainstream acceptance.

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