What is a framework? In boring academic language, this is a set of libraries that facilitate the development of any product: websites and web services, mobile or desktop applications.
In turn, we call a library a collection of files (or one file) that store subroutines, objects, functions and other data used by the programmer in his work. By the way, in some programming languages, for example, in Python, libraries are called modules.
In simpler terms, a framework is a working environment that helps a developer to quickly and efficiently create a software product without being distracted by trifles. I assembled the frame – screwed the modules – test it for hybrid app development.
If we continue the reasoning and go to metaphors (we already know-how, yes), then the framework can be compared to a set of tools that are at the disposal of, say, a car mechanic. How he will use them depends on his experience, the nature of the car breakdown and other factors. Is that clearer? So that’s great.
The first question a programmer asks himself, mastering a huge arsenal of tools – which framework to choose? Well, first, let’s figure out which of them are and where they are used.
Types of frameworks
It is worthwhile to understand forever that each framework is tied to a specific technology and/or programming language. Here are some examples:
- Zend Framework. This software product is used by many professional PHP programmers. It makes the web developer’s life easier, primarily because it contains many useful libraries. These include the ability to integrate the project with YouTube and other services, simplify the work with databases, users, caching, etc. Bootstrap. A popular framework that helps you quickly and efficiently make up site layouts. Includes templates for creating layers, buttons, forms, navigation blocks and other elements of web pages.
- Yii. An object-oriented framework for creating large-scale web applications: online stores, CRM systems, etc. The main advantages of Yii are high performance and security. Corona SDK. The richest toolkit for developing games and applications for Android. Its distinctive feature is that it works in its own programming language, which is called Lua.
It turns out that choosing a framework is not such a difficult task. It is enough to understand in which field of activity you want to develop, and – forward. Choosing a framework is easy. The main thing is to understand in what area you want to develop. Advantages and disadvantages of frameworks Of course, the use of frameworks has a lot of advantages.
Here are just a few of them: Improving the speed and ease of development Reducing the cost of creating an application Optimizing working time Writing clean code that does not require significant refactoring (processing) in the future Simply put, the framework takes on most of the work. For example, a programmer does not need to think about how to write data to a file – just press the corresponding button and call a method that will solve this problem.
However, nothing is perfect in our world. This is why frameworks have serious flaws: Security issues. Almost all frameworks are open source, which, of course, directly affects their protection from external threats. Difficulty of mastering. In fact, any framework is the result of the work of another programmer, and it is not always completely clear how it functions (a framework, of course, not a programmer :-)). The need to retrain when changing the product.
Imagine: you’ve mastered Zend Framework, but ended up on a team that uses a completely different toolkit. Unfortunately, in nature there are not many frameworks that are perfectly similar to each other, so – nothing can be done – you will have to relearn. Summing Up Are you still asking “what is a framework”? To summarize: this is a software product that makes life easier for a developer – it provides ready-made solutions, which is very important when working with a project.
You’ve probably noticed that mobile apps are different? And mobile app design cost is also different. No one will deny that games and programs with a convenient and fast interface are always more popular with users. This is always influenced by the speed of development and the introduction of new features. You can increase this indicator endlessly.
There are cross-platform tools to help developers. The Soft Media System company uses many frameworks and in this article, we want to share our experience of using such frameworks as – Flutter, React Native, Xamarin, Ionic.
Let’s figure out the concept of a framework. Its purpose is to speed up development, reduce costs and increase developer productivity. By saving developers time, it allows them to focus on the most important development issues.
Google introduces the Flutter frame. This is a pretty good solution for cross-platform development. The main concept of the framework is the creation of mobile applications in a single code base for mobile platforms, web services and window applications.
The core of the framework system is the Dart programming language: developed by Google Corporation, a fairly simple, object-oriented language. The popularity of the framework has grown a lot in a very short time, despite the fact that it only appeared on the market a couple of years ago. This technology is used in the development of mobile applications – Google Ads, Greentea, Alibaba.
We can safely say that Flutter demonstrates high performance and thus outperforms its competitors. This is facilitated by the presence of the modern Dart language, its own compilation and rendering engine.
Facebook-created React Native framework is designed for the development of cross-platform applications with high-speed performance. Due to its high popularity, this framework is used by Instagram, Facebook, Tesla.
In pursuit of code performance, developers often choose this particular framework, since it allows you to use their own modules, written for each separate platform.
Microsoft also did not stand aside and developed a framework for creating mobile applications Xamarin. The main goal is mobile development for Windows.
Xamarin uses the main development stack – C # and the .NET Framework.
The speed of mobile applications developed on the Xamarin framework strongly depends on the Windows / Android / IOs platform.
To develop hybrid cross-platform applications, it uses the Ionic Framework in some of its applications. This framework is integrated with Apache Cordova and this allows you to use web application technologies in mobile programs. The Ionic Framework uses the main HTML, CSS, JS development stack.